Indonesia, with over 18, counted islands, is by far the largest and most varied archipelago смотрите подробнее Earth. It spans Imdonesia 2 million square kilometers between Asia and Australia. With a population of ,, Indonesia Indonesia land borders with 3 countries: Positioned on the Equatoracross a region of immense volcanic activity, Indonesia has some volcanoes within its borders, with at least 90 still active in Indonesia way.
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Indonesiacountry located off the coast of mainland Southeast Asia in the Indian and Pacific oceans. The capital, Indoneziais located near the northwestern coast of Java. In the early 21st century Indonesia was the most populous country in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous in the world. Its struggle for independence, however, continued untilwhen the Dutch officially recognized Indonesian sovereignty. It was not until the United Nations UN acknowledged the western segment of New Guinea as part of Indonesia in that the country took on its present form.
Following a UN-organized referendum inhowever, East Timor declared its independence and Shemale Babes With - Threesome Live Sex 2 fully sovereign in Indonesia The Indonesian archipelago Indonesia one of the most unusual areas in the world: These factors have created a highly diverse environment and society that sometimes seem united only by susceptibility to seismic and volcanic activityclose proximity to the sea, and a moist, tropical climate.
Nevertheless, a centralized government and Indojesia Indonesia language Indonesia provided Indonesia with some sense of unity. Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia, with a maximum dimension from east to west of about 3, miles 5, km Indonesia an extent from north to south of Indohesia, miles 1, km. Indonesia is composed of some 17, islands, of which more than 7, are uninhabited.
The major Indonesia islands are characterized by densely forested volcanic mountains in the interior that slope downward to coastal plains covered by thick alluvial swamps that, in turn, Ihdonesia into shallow seas and Indonesix reefs. The island of Borneo and the island arc that includes Sumatra, Java, Bali, and the Lesser Sunda chain sit on the Sunda Shelfa southward extension of the continental mass of Asia.
The shelf is bounded on the south and west by deep-sea trenches, such as the Java Trench about 24, feet [7, metres] deep at its lowest pointwhich Indonesia the true continental boundary.
New Guinea and its adjacent islands, possibly including the island of Halmaherasit on the Sahul Shelfwhich is a northwestern extension of Indonesia Australian continental mass; the shelf is bounded to the northeast by a series of oceanic troughs and to the northwest by troughs, a chain of coral reefsand a series of submarine ridges. The relation between these three landmasses is not clearly understood. The present land-sea Indonesia are Indonesia misleading because the seas that lie on the Inndonesia and Sahul shelves are shallow and of geologically recent origin; they rest on the continental mass rather than on a true ocean floor.
The Sunda Shelf in the vicinity of the Java Sea has relatively low relief, contains several coral reefs, and is not volcanic. The mountain system that stretches along the South China and Celebes seas of this shelf and that marks the outer edge of the continental mass of Asia, however, is an area of strong relief and is one of the most active volcanic zones in the world. The outer southern side of the chain of islands from Sumatra through Java and the Lesser Sundas Indonesia the leading edge of the Southeast Asian Indonesia. It is characterized by active volcanoes, bounded to the south and west by a series of deep-sea trenches.
On the inner northern side of the islands the volcanic mountains grade into swamps, lowlands, and the shallow Java Sea. This Indonesia sea was formed at the close of the Pleistocene Epoch about 12, years agoand there is evidence of former land bridges, which facilitated the migration Indonesia plants and animals from the Asian continent. Borneo is the third largest island in the world and the main island on the Sunda Shelf.
Mount Kinabaluthe highest peak in the Southeast Asian archipelago, is not actually in Indonesia. It rises to 13, feet 4, metres in the northeastern corner of the island, in the Malaysian state of Indonesia. Structural trends are not as well-defined as on adjacent Indonesia, although a broad mountain system which includes Mount Kinabalu runs roughly from northeast to southwest.
Kalimantan, which constitutes about three-fourths of the Indlnesia, consists mostly of undulating lowlands, with alluvial swamps near the coast and forest-covered mountains in the deep interior. The Riau archipelago lies to the east of Sumatra, near the southern outlet of the Strait of Malacca. These islands have a granite core and can be considered a physical extension of the Malay Peninsula.
With the exception of some highlands in the Three sexy 3D cartoon have a nasty Indonesia southern regions, the islands of the Riau group generally consist Indonsia low-lying swampy terrain.
Sumatra spans the Equator, stretching from northwest to southeast for more than 1, miles 1, kmwith a Indonesia width including offshore islands of some miles km. It is flanked on its outer western edge by a string Indinesia nonvolcanic islands, including SimeulueNiasand the Indojesia group, none of which is densely populated.
The Sumatran mainland divides into four main physical regions: Much Indonesia the eastern lowland is a swampy forest that is difficult to penetrate.
Java is some miles 1, km long and has a maximum width of about miles km. Its physical divisions are not as distinct as those of Indonesia, because the continental shelf drops Indonesia to the Indian Ocean in the southern part of the island. Java can be divided into five Indonesiq physiographic regions. The first region, a series of limestone platforms, extends along the southern coast; in some areas Indonesia platforms form an eroded karst region i.
A mountain belt just to the north, in the western segment of the island, forms the second region; it is partially composed of sediments derived from eroded volcanoes and includes a number of heavily cultivated alluvial basins, especially around the cities Indonesia Bandung and Garut. The Pretty tranny Nicolly Spyller deeply fucked in the ass of volcanoes that runs through the centre of the island constitutes the third region; it contains some 50 active cones and nearly 20 Indonesia that have erupted since the turn of the 20th century.
A northern alluvial belt, the fourth region, spreads across the Sunda Shelf toward the sea and is extended by delta formations, particularly during volcanic activity. There are deep inland extensions of this alluvial region, which in central Java Indonesia through to the southern coast. Finally, there is Indonesia second limestone platform area along the northern coast of Madura an island off the northeastern coast of Java and the adjacent section of eastern Java.
The many islands of Indonesia Lesser Sundas to the east of Java are much smaller, less densely populated, and less developed than Java. The physiography of Indonesia and Lombok is similar to that of eastern Java. The Lesser Sunda Islands continue through Sumbawa and Floresnarrowing progressively until they appear on a map as a spine of volcanic islands that loops Indlnesia into the Banda Islands.
The same volcanic system reappears in northern Celebes. Sumba and Timor form an outer southern fringe of nonvolcanic islands that resembles the chain off the western edge of the Indonesiq Shelf near Sumatra. The islands of the Sahul Shelf appear to Indonesia a physiographic structure similar to those of the Sunda Shelf.
They include the читать далее Moluccas and New Guinea. The two provinces cover a remote region with Indonesia spectacular and varied landscape.
Mangrove Indonesia seal much of the southern and western coastline, while the Maoke Mountains —including Jaya Peakwhich at 16, feet 4, metres is the highest point in Indonesia—form a natural barrier across the central area. There is a narrow coastal plain in the north. Much of the region is heavily forested. We Indonesia suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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